Science's Biggest Unsolved Problems: Trust and the Galilean Syndrome 
Historical Instruments of Science and Technology   or  at    or   781 245 2897
by Jim & Rhoda Morris 
Last updated 08/05/2008 07:20:35 AM

Introducing The Problem

The word "Science" means many things to many people yet collectively we all marvel at its discoveries. Unfortunately   basic scientific research  has had, still has, and will have  leaders of  government, business, and  religion (the big three) in any combination attempting to exercise significant control over science and  stone walling selected parts of it from the  public even though  the public has  paid for it  through their  taxes,  business overheads on products or both. This is the biggest unsolved problem science has had in the past and still faces today. Its the authors belief that its time to  science the science for solutions.

The public  from experience  assume an  inherent and healthy  mistrust of most everyone and everything. This is part of our genetic make up just as curiosity (science) is part of the genetic make up. One can't stop either. "But". Leaders of the  big three have learned how to control people's view of science by offering unscientific interpretation of its discoveries  banking on our inherent  mistrust factor to stop or slow selected projects in basic scientific research.  This control  we refer to as the  Galilean Syndrome in honor of Galileo Galilie one the more famous victims in science's by example of sciences biggest unsolved problem "TRUST".

Developing  solutions  to science biggest unsolved  problem the lack of TRUST.

 If we  are to have the best of our science in a timely fashion we, including scientist, need to have a much better understanding of  the public's need for trust in most everything they do especially in science. So starting with  how  the profession of science really works in addition  and how the Galilean Syndrome works is the first step in reducing our chances of  becoming  even more  victimized by the leaders of the big three's, well meant but perhaps misguided agenda's.

The following  paragraphs and the bulleted items  below are examples of  what we mean by these  italicized phrases. We believe that both of these issue are very important and very relevant to any discussion of how science works, how to support it, and  improve it.

Unfortunately many scientist believe that simply showing or demonstrating a scientific principal to the public  like e=mc2. is sufficient to gain an informed public understanding. Certainly this is a start  but it is leaving out   the most  important details for the public understand of how science works Neither do these authors believe that just  teaching scientific method in its more primitive  form really satisfy the needs of gaining the public's trust.

Scientist certainly are very much aware that if the  data and work they use from other scientist in their work  must be right  or it will  have a serious  impact on their work because science discoveries work on the same principal  as building a house bridge etc. One starts with the foundation and works upwards through the structure piece by piece each depending on those that were laid down before it. This seem so obvious to those close to the work that it is taken for granted. However a number of studies show that about 50% of the people in the U.S. believe the scientist lie about their work. even though scientist have worked out a method that automatically  reduces error and fake data getting into the system to a minimum.

Example Question from a non scientist; How and why do scientists trust their fellow scientists data and their scientific work without  knowing anything about the other scientist's  honesty,  their personal habits,   someone they have never met  personally? We had a surprise from a  crude informal pole of  100 or so people  including 15 scientist/ engineers. Only 20 knew that there was a definite method in place for automatically finding and  eliminating bad data from the professional literature.

People have to learn the answer to  this and similar questions  to support the science  needed for a better healthier world. They  need  good solid easy to understand answers to these types of  questions. The people need to know the details of this trust machinery  because this may be the only thing about  science  they will really can understand. This is only one of a number of question that need answers.

Another link in the chain "Boring" is the word of death to the Media, the principal clearing house and  release for all of sciences' discoveries and issues  to the public. The Media cannot take  the financial risk of loosing  their viewers because if they did they would lose their advertisements " their salaries their accounts".  Boring is high on the list of thing not to do. This issue helps  the coloring of  the media's presentation of all science to the public. 

Straight from  the media.


Would you trust this mans  opinion in committing several billion dollars of your money toward building an  A bomb?

Media, the principal clearing house and  release for all of sciences' discoveries and issues  to the public.

The Galileo Syndromer proponent takes advantage of this neglect of "how science works" and uses it to place serious doubt about any scientific effort  they chose to stop or slow. They do it by recognizing  the public's inherent and healthy  mistrust of everyone and everything. They get juicy bits of gossip in from  media, a rich source of any gossip in many forms about the personal life of scientists and play it out to the public as a seed of mistrust.  Take Einstein for example, Its hard for us to understand his science to judge it. But many could  be  satisfy with a bit his personal life  to help them  decide about his professional life It happens more than it should.

To be fair about  the media's role in all of this. This picture of Einstein has been around allot even making money for T shirt manufactures who put it on the back and front of T shirts carried by students of science. The picture even  appeared  in a issue of Nature Magazine.   Funny Yes. but our leaders may want to  influence our opinion by using it as an example of Einstein's stupidity. Why not? The  science he generated is too  odd for the average person to judge his work but how about this picture it can help in an adverse way. Judge the man but trust his work. There is a big difference in the out come.

Einstein's  little equation  E=MC2 was a break thru in basic science, It discovery could not have been stopped if he didn't do it someone else would have. (That's more of how science works) It's just three little letters and an equal sign on a piece of paper.  It "the truth" that was turned into nuclear bombs, power stations, nuclear medicines etc. etc. with  government's and  businesses help.

What about political  trust. Examples without comment. A single politician, a president of the U.S.A. decided without the public's knowledge to  turn the sense of that equation  into  atomic  bombs. Another single man again a president of the U.S.A.   without the public's knowledge decided to drop these bombs on cities of mostly private helpless citizens.  etc. etc. Right or wrong how can we tell for sure.  One more example. More people have died of cigarettes than  A bombs another thing science warned us about in the form of some data on a bit of paper. We give these  strong example of how politicians, business can work.

Question: just who are the losers and victims in this seemly fun picture. What about  when similar treatment is extended to all scientist.  Does the public consciously or subconsciously take it seriously and decide to slow down or  stop important project in science for the most part based on a good example of Media quest for good entertainment. Its not their job to teach us even though they do an excellent job of it. Their job has turned out to help our business prosper.  Can we still have our fun  and be  informed in a more trustworthy fashion. Just who are the losers here if enough of us don't get an understanding of "How Science Works" of building a trust if not an understanding for scientific discoveries.

Can we in the field of science as research workers, educator, historians, through our educational system our schools our Museums help build this understanding.

Introductory remarks about how science works

  • Many of us do not generally appreciate that we pay for all of  scientific knowledge through our taxes and business overheads.

  • but we don't own or control it.

  • Scientific discoveries are in them selves benign they are " knowledge" recorded as text, diagrams, and mathematical formula. e=mc2 , f=ma, p=nkt, s=d/t, e=ir,  H2O, q=cv, etc.. on little pieces of paper.

  • The distribution of funding and use of all scientific  discoveries is guided and determined  by business, political, and  religious  interest not by scientist. 

  • It is  not possible to stop scientific investigations and discoveries by everyone and everywhere in this Global world, though many have tried, at best they can slow it.

  • The practice of science (please don't forget the wow factor) means so very much to  each of us in our every day life. from our genes to the decay products of our remains. To most of us it is invisible, taken for granted,  celebrated for the increase of our 3 fold increase of life expectancy  and  scorned for its  honesty by politicians ,CEO's  and clerics. More simply put   There are not enough words powerful enough to express the importance of basic and applied scientific research on our every day lives. Remove  our science genes which are very few, and we would be  living very closely the family  life and geography of the chimpanzee. 

  • Many of us believe we understand about science. We take it for granted. Everyone, every day, in government, business, and religion,  depend upon science's discoveries. How each uses these discoveries is an issue.

  • Science0  has only one agenda, to discover  all of Nature's1 Truths.2. ----  It is  step by step building process.

  • Scientist use the "what if tool"  with  instruments mathematically relating  measurements of time, length, mass,  to study Nature's Truths.

  • Scientific discoveries are not taken as a fact  without the work being published in a form that others can produce the results and debate them.

  • scientist are required  to analyze  their data  for accuracy and reliability and include this in their published report  with a discussion  of their conclusions, how it fits in with other relevant work.

  • This checking procedure is done in at least two ways.  1st repeating the experiment by other investigators at other laboratories. and comparing the two data and conclusions. 2nd discoveries are automatically use to make more discoveries in the step by step process of finding out how all of nature works.

  • Biases, errors, mistakes and lies cannot last long in science without being discovered using this simple method. If and when they accrue, which is rarely, they are a terrible waste in all ways to everyone.

Symptoms and Examples of Galilean Syndrome Galilean  

Galileo has become, through the last 400 years,  one of the most internationally famous victims of powerful anti-science movements.  We call these activities the Galilean Syndromes. It is one of the major distraction in basic scientific work.  

The symptoms below shows us  how this syndrome can attack science from leaders in the  highest political and global business level. It  often is carried out by the subordinate of the  institution  insulating  the top most leader from criticism.

  1. Scientific findings  are restricted from easy access to the  tax paying public

  2. Scientific findings  are alter by non scientist controlling the funding

  3. The process its perpetrated  by non science leaders with almost unrestricted power

  4. These leaders are generally  unskilled in science but have exceptional skills in leading people

  5. These leaders have strong conviction that they should make these judgment

  6. This exclusion process is done without  informed consent of the scientist and public who pay for and need the fruits of  the science.

  7. It can happen to scientist in any branch of science.

The bottom line; today's Scientist's, sponsored with and without tax payers' money, are in  risk of jeopardizing their project  if these discoveries challenges  governments policy and if they share their discoveries with the public.

Below we compare just  two out of hundreds of examples of the Galilean Syndrome in action . Note its been going on for its least 400 years using the same tools developing a mistrust of scientific discoveries by those we trust in the big three.. We must and can stop it.  The authors have given a summary of things we can do on this web page to help each of us do our part in keeping this syndrome under control

Science 400 Years Ago c 1600
A dramatic picture, a dramatic story, a dramatic lesson we can learn from.

News flash
Warning:  Pernicious Galilean Syndrome, a dangerous myopic anti science disease is again infecting our society

Science 400 years later c 2000 +
A dramatic picture, a dramatic example of the Galilean Syndrome, Earths climate  versus very large global businesses.

 James-E-Hansen-NASA29jan06.jpg  Is it just shooting dice? who's going to lose?
News flash
Climate scientist  on trial before the U.S.  congress for warning the public that  man is making the earth  dangerously warmer. One of the country's leading climate scientist, James Hansen, director of NASA's Goddard Institute for Space Studies,  has testified "the White House (and some politicians ) repeatedly tried to control what government scientists say to the public and media about climate change."  It has been reported that 181 technical changes made  by non science political appointed officials, were made to three scientific climate reports reflecting a consistent attempt to emphasize the uncertainties surrounding the science of climate change and undercut the broad conclusions that man-made emissions are warming the earth. Hansen said "Interference with communications of science to the public has been greater during the current administration than at any time in my career,"
Warning:  Is the Pernicious Galilean Syndrome, a dangerous myopic anti science disease  again infecting our society?

Galileo's incarceration and restriction of free speech by officials of the Catholic church

 is a dramatic international example of the Galilean Syndrome

The same process is happening today

The scientist are still talking about their instruments, experiments and discoveries not spending enough time and developing the resources to educated everyone on how scientist and science works. To some of us the scientist is to busy  in his race to be first. A few put   effort into making  fancier and fancier demonstrations of scientific principals, not adding the equally important struggles of acceptance of their work  in referee journals, of the midnight oil spent on writing proposals for funding, the constant work keeping up with the literature, at times neglecting their personal and families lives, all for rather low wages compared with the vale of their discoveries.

To say the least its very difficult to know what it is like to be a pancake unless you've been one. So how is the public. to know how science works unless they  are or have  been a scientist.

What seem to be  trivial to the scientist because its just part of the job and  learned on the job needs to be  brought  the public more forcibly  with  the  scientific break through  when announced to the public.

An example again In Galileo's case both sides the churches position in context should be studied  and Galileo's side with an  exact (to reduce the what if's) replica,  mechanically, tactilely as well as  visually to appreciate ,  the frustrations that both parties experienced in the debate. Its a useful and  interesting role modeling game understand the dilemma that science finds itself   especially  today  for  the very  important matters it faces.

 To gives the student  a fairer better balance understanding of the issues that Galileo and the Church had to deal with.  of science or history the  both sides for a   philosophical issue which uses logic as its primary tool to truth rather than the pure physical one of time length and mass.. If the officials of the church had understood how science works and the scientist had a better understanding of how to help them understand how it works, the  issues of incompatibility would have been settled or reduced in much less than 400 years.

There is may good things  to learn from these telescopes and Galileo's story about the business of science from this heated and historic debate.

Without being either Galileo or the  officials of the church with a very weighty responsibility  its  almost impossible to unemotionally reason one back in time to  accurately decode  history.  One gets a clearer insight by recreate and  roll play the experiment.

We are not making excuses for the church. or anyone taking a emotional stand but   if we could reduce  the fear of science in a fair way. It could help  the average person make an informed decision on which side to be. Its possible they might even become an evangelist for science operating on inside of the Galilean Syndrome system.

Galileo's telescopes  are especially important today because they stand out as  symbols  warnings  us to keep   constant vigil against those that would  turn us away from science, its methods and tools.

The Pernicious Galilean Syndrome its always there!
The support and funding of basic scientific research so vital to us in the U.S. and the world, has come under attack again by a few powerful, charismatic,  zealous, leaders  repeating the same mistakes of myopic  judgment  that  Galileo  had to contend with 400 years ago,

In spite of science's success it is always vulnerable to influential misguided leaders ready to summon their followers to take our basic scientific research away from us. These followers go after their congresspersons threatening their reelection for supporting science. Although relatively small in number they are well organized have proven to be very effective.

Scientist  can not solve  the  problems they are given without adequate funding. They need our help and support.  There are so few scientists compared to the world's population including the very active dissenters that their warnings and cries for help are too weak to be heard by the general public.

The cure  for Pernicious Galilean Syndrome takes less than five minutes a year; Most of us do not appreciate that we are  automatically part of the science team.  We  don't need a degree in science or take courses in science to be a  very important contributor to the progress of  Basic scientific research.

The Beautiful Home of Galileo's Telescopes
science and their are allot of us on the team.  However, we do need to stop taking science for granted and we do need to  actively start supporting  it! As members of the science team we have a vital role.
We need to bring to the attention of our congressman  the  critical need for our government to strengthen its  interest and support for  basic scientific research.   All aspects of our future depends on it.

Yes most of us understand the value of basic scientific research.   Yes we are large in numbers, and want it supported, but we must be vigilant, contacting our congressman showing our support in numbers that at least match the dissenters.

Galileo's famous and dramatic telescope story is repeating itself today and we as well as the dissenters are the victims of this Pernicious Galilean Syndrome.

In the foto above is part of the team  Jim & Rhoda, best of  friends, husband and wife,  grandpa and grandma, physicist and chemist, hanging around  Galileo's neighborhood.  Here we are in front of  the extraordinary museum where Galileo Galilei's telescopes, his other famous instruments, and his index finger reside.  The museum lies on the banks of the beautiful Arno River in Florence.  Galileo  is  buried just down the street and  is still teaching science (and the danger of  Pernicious Galilean Syndrome) to the public visiting his stylish crypt in the  Santa Croce Church.  He and his telescopes are still in there fighting for science. Don't let him down. Join him in the fight


In the first example  of Galilean Syndrome the driving force was power and wealth issue. In the second example the driving force was right and wrong moral issue.

The pictures below are not a fake advertisement for science.  These are not actors but  are real kids having real fun discovering all the exciting things around them.  Their well being  and future depends on us. The Galilean syndrome is one of the biggest threat to they're future.

Humans may only be a few genes different than chimpanzee but these few  genes have given us the ability to gather from our senses the knowledge that we use to see across the universe and to see the tiniest  viruses. We have used science  to increased our  life expectancy and quality of life  from 30 years to 80 years. on and on and on. 

We use science and depend on science every moment of our life's.

We take science for granted. This is not good it doesn't happen without our support. finically and politically.

Most of us don't know how the profession of science works.

  • Science is very important in our lives. --The wondrous  scientific discoveries about how nature works  can be complicated to understand in detail so we tend forfeit our option to those above us.

  • The Important decision about the use of scientific discoveries that the public has paid  for is usually  made without us knowing it  and  without, serious consideration for our needs, by leaders that have considerably less scientific interest than their  political, business,  religious, connected agendas. 


  • Who can we trust to make that decision in choosing the products of science for us,? ; a decision so  important, that there are no words powerful enough to express it for our children, their children and our future?

  • Politicians Many adults say that politicians  can't be trusted?

  • Business CEO's who have to protect their business profits?

  • Religious leaders, if so which leader, which religion?

  • Media whose salaries are paid for by number of viewers they get to look at their ads.

  • Scientist Its not unusual for some of us to hear that scientist are overly biased  in any number of ways in their work.The media often portrays them crazy dopy people stumbling around with there heads in the clouds, Making Monsters out of dead people, always  stuck in a box of their opinion, can't even put their shoes on the right feet? giving us explanations on how nature works, hiding behind 16 dimensional theories sprinkled with mistakes, lies and  errors in their work and Is it true when someone says that  scientist cant agree on anything?  and wasn't  Galileo Galilei really wrong about the earth going around the sun like some leaders said he was ? Big question where is the primary data for the characterizations of each of above disciplines (where is the scientific data)?

  • Is there a cure the Galilean Syndrome?

  • Science has discovered that our genetic makeup is only a few percent different than the chimpanzee. That difference is more than likely  where our science talents hang out.  We can't stop  genetic curiosity from unveiling the laws of nature anymore than we can stop breathing. Stopping Galileo's discoveries was impossible. Knowledge is a double edged sword, in the wrong hands it can generate more dangerous weapons than any  than we already have. Knowledge from the other edge of the sword has shown us how to guard against these evils. Since it is impossible to stop the flow of knowledge. The only hope is to educate ourselves and especially our leaders about how science works not about a discovery but how it works

  • an  example of what  we mean about how science works

  • Do scientist work alone or work in teams, constantly checking each others work?

  • Do scientist have to rely all the accuracy of the discoveries of others to make their discoveries?

  • If we knew which could be beginning of the cure for The Galilean Syndrome.



The Symbols of progress and the Galilean Syndrome.

Science is the study and explanation of how things work using  the measurements of time, length, mass. Its  language is mathematics. its success and growth  depends on repeatability and the reliability of all past discoveries.

What science is all about! How to measure how science helps us.
Will there ever be a possible cure for the Galilean syndrome?

First: There is more than a little basic research scientist in all of us and it starts at birth.
  • An example of basic research scientists at work which we all can identify with: Children, even as they pop out of the womb crying out for attention and information, they are little basic research scientists gathering data about how their world works. All of their senses - sight, hearing, smelling, feeling, tasting - are gathering data and processing it. They use this data putting together a model of their world, just as a basic research scientist does, so that they can survive in it. As a child grows it gets new data some of it contradicting earlier experience. It revises its model making a more sophisticated one, just as  scientist do. Unfortunately there may come a time when some will stop being the scientist, and stop gathering new data, stop updating their model of the world. This can be bad- not keeping up. One can become a victim by making bad decisions from out of date data and beliefs rather than a beneficiary of progress from basic research.
  • Basic research is the seed for all discoveries great and small. We are trustees of the knowledge. We need to continually up date it. It needs more funding. It shines a light that shows the way to a better more secure life and civilization.


Basic scientific research is our future!
There are No Words Powerful Enough
to express the importance of basic scientific research to
our past, present, and future.
It is not  properly funded nor understood
We Need Your help to increase the funding For Basic Scientific Research

Please Click here to see how basic research gives us a better life.
  • Science is nothing more than the study and explanation of how things work using  length mass and time. Its  language is mathematics.
  • There are two branches of science Basic And Applied they are different only in their goals. Basic wants to know how everything in nature works. Applied uses this knowledge to build things 

    Basic scientific research is vital  to our future,  it is the science of discovery  yet it and   its funding is the least understood, even among the scientific community, because of this It is the most fragile of disciplines and is poorly funded compared to its value to the us and our planets future.

    Why is this true? Some of the  reasons are;

    1; Most of us  don't speak the  language of science and therefore can't understand how it and its funding work.
     2; It  is like there is a hidden science, hidden in the language of mathematics, and cute labels like string, quantum, or relativity theory.
    3; Like it or not for  the most part  the media, our  only source of information about science and scientist, has found it useful to make  a mockery of science and scientist not to be mean but to hold your attention while their advertisers can sell you products.
    3; Some feel uncomfortable with funding it because it doesn't seem  to  have a product  goal or direction.
    Its like  searching  knowledge only for knowledge sake. True but of course that's where the important and unexpected discoveries have come from.   Read NSF definitions in right the column.
    4; It's very hard doing basic research. It  takes years of education and experience plus great concentration, It takes enormous patience. teasing out the secrets of nature. It is very difficult because most the things being studied  one can't see touch, hear, or smell  with human sensors.
    5; The basic researcher  reward is not money. They give the knowledge away to all of us and  just maybe they might get a unit of science or a star named after  them.


    Humans by Era,
    Average Lifespan (in years) and how it has changed with time with the use of basic scientific research.

    • Neanderthal, 20
    • Neolithic, 20
    • Classical Greece, 28
    • Classical Rome, 28
    • Medieval England, 33
    • End of 18th Century1700 , 37
    • Early 20th Century1900, 50
    • Circa 1940, 65
    • Current (in the West)77 - 81

    Life expectancy has dramatically increased over the last few centuries of human history. These changes are largely the result of the fruits of basic research used by the applied research and engineering communities in public health, medicine, nutrition, and agriculture.

    The greatest improvements have been made in the richest parts of the world, where there is endorsement of basic and applied research. The same effects are now spreading to other parts of the world as they adopt the fruits of basic and applied research in economies and infrastructure . Ref 1








    The young  basic researchers pictures above are at work, in heart if not body. The smile on their faces is what a true basic researcher feels like in side when one make a discovery, and generally that's  reward enough. Join us call and ask for more funding for basic scientific research. It's in your ,Your children,Your grandchildren's, etc.  best  interest.

    Sadly some of us as we get older stop being basic research scientist and stop learning. The world moves on and we become victims rather than beneficiaries of progress. Is this fair to our children, our grandchildren etc., ourselves.?

  • What and why is basic scientific research, so important, so different, so special yet so neglected?  
  • Basic research is designed to give us new discoveries; applied research uses these discoveries to gives us tangibles. Basic research and applied research  both use the same measuring instruments and methods and work together as one, but they are treated very differently in their goals and funding.
  • Both are very  important. But basic research gives us new discoveries and is poorly funded.
  • The National Science Foundation's, NSF, official definition of basic and applied research are given below.  These are the labels in soliciting  funding for the two sciences, see ref. 2.
  • It very important to know and understand the differences between them because of the funding issues. The visible or public difference is:  Applied Research is very familiar to the public; Basic Research  is not.

    NSF definitions of Basic Research and Applied Research with comments from the authors.

    Basic research;  Its objective is to gain fuller  knowledge or understanding of the fundamental aspects of phenomenon and of observable facts  without specific applications toward processes or products in mind, ref. 2.

    Basic research goal is to find out how all things in nature work.
  • It puts together all the pieces of nature's puzzle to form a complete picture of our lives, environment, world, solar system, and universe.
  •  Basic research discoveries  are needed  for applied research.
  • This agenda helps us be partners with nature benefiting from its many wonders and learning to live safely together with its tsunamis and viruses.
  • It's one of the most reliable tools for building civilized civilizations. It gives us the why and how of  things. It is a "search and find" activity in which we never know the nature of what will be discovered until it is discovered.
  • Basic research is the corner stone to our future. It is building a knowledge base  that does not become obsolete. We have used the discoveries of the  past to get to here today. We need to expand our discoveries today to move on to the future.
  • Applied research; Its objective is to gain knowledge or understanding necessary to determine the means by which a recognized and specific need may be met, ref. 2.

     Applied research has very specific goals or agendas.

  • Applied deals with processes or products. It depends on  discoveries from basic research for the future.
  • Applied researchers can not spend much time in the small details of how things work. Their focus is on the details  necessary to build and sell the products that we need and use every day at prices we can afford.
  • For the most part the results of their work are owned by business for profit. We  invest in these businesses to increase our earning power and save for retirement.  It's a good working system.
  • Business cannot afford to spend very much on  basic research because it does not get the immediate return in profits needed to survive.
  • At times basic research can give bad news to business, but help the customers. The tobacco companies were not happy when basic research showed that smoking was shorting the life of their customers.

  • How to measure the progress of Basic Scientific Research!  See side bar on the lefte

  • Above all else the most precious possession to Homo sapiens is life The struggle for a longer and better quality life is built into our genes. The methods and tools of basic research; have steadily and successively addressed this mission.
  • The data in the table on the left shows that life expectancy has dramatically increased over the last few centuries of human history. The greatest improvements having been made in the richest parts of the world where there has been the greatest endorsement of methods and tools of basic research and where the results of the data were used by the applied research and engineering communities in public health, medicine, nutrition, and agriculture. Areas in the world where the citizens have not embraced this life saving technology the life span is sadly very low, with some area's of the world only 44 years.
  • Over and above the increase in life expectancy everything we do or use draws from methods, tools, and work of the basic research community. The atom and all of its collected parts - electrons, protons, neutrons, etc. were all being studied for their own sake not because scientist wanted to make money from them but just to understand how atoms work. Without our understanding about electrons and electricity we would be living in a world of 1700 technology. The only electricity would be that generated by petting our cat. We would not have nuclear medicines. Modern chemical products.
  • Some of the biggest changes in our lives will come from our understanding of DNA. The discoverers of DNA's structural arrangement were basic research scientists with non profit goals- just investigating  how nature works . We have just barely scratched the surface of this knowledge which is crucial to our future. We may be growing new parts for our hearts rather than taking tons of pills to keep them working.  More basic scientific research is paramount to getting knowledge to continue our journey to a more civilized civilization for all of us.


  • Alarmingly we take all this for granted - the remarkable technical development of our modern world that was the result of basic scientific inquiry. We don't fully appreciate that never in the history of man have so many gained so much with so little time and money spent on basic research.  Without this basic research most of us would simply not be here. We would have no tools, no clothing, no housing. We would be less than hunter gatherers somewhere in the plains of central Africa.

    How You can Help and become  an important   part of the scientific team.
  • Basic scientific research  pivotally need your help. Together we must champion through our government officials more funding for basic research especially at the university level. We need to educate and encourage our leaders to support this most important work.
  • One of the best ways of achieving this is to concentrate on our federal and state representatives . They look to re-election every 2 years and, depending on where you live, have only 500,000 to a 1,000,000 citizens that they represent of which only a fraction vote. Therefore they are proportionally very interested in your view of government involvement in issues like basic research. A few calls to them has greater leverage them most recognized so call today. you will find the telephone, address, e-mail address below at a single click. Wait for the response it a little slow.
  • So call, write, or visit your representatives now and ask for an increase in funding for basic research and tell them that its need is critical. They'll understand that its important to you. They need your support at election time. Besides the president has put into his state of the union address we need more basic research.
    Click here to get the telephone number, address, or email of your representative and senators.

    Call, visit,  write or e-mail.
    Familiarize yourself with some of the information above and ask for an increase in funding for  BASIC Scientific Research  He or She will understand.

    Good Luck! Please Call Your Representatives and simply ask for more funding for Basic Scientific Research. They will understand but they need your support to make it happen.

    About The Authors

    click here to get the address, telephone number, email of your Senator and representative

    Sample message  that you might want to consider sending to your Congressmen and President.

    The following text was generated by N1QCW Dave an radio amateur operator.

    Knowledge is power. Science is the lens of which we view that knowledge. Any filtering of science is a restriction of knowledge.

    I the voter support basic research and the unrestricted flow of information from said research .

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    Copyright 9/12/2005 Jim & Rhoda Morris

    On a more positive note, Galileo was vindicated

    But his syndrome does jump out at us from time to time!

    Maybe  by studying the Galileo story from the point of view of how science works starting with a magnified view using his telescopes. We can gain more benefits of our science in a win win situation especially for our children and our grandchildren.

    Click Here After visiting this website we humbly invite you to visit our main website to feast on the remarkable details of the worlds most  precise replication of Galileo's telescopes for Griffith Observatory and the Adler Planetarium. We discuss in detail these wonderful instruments including what it's "really" like looking through  them,  what Galileo's telescopes looked like when new. and a taste of the dramatic  story of conflict and resolution. Where  we the people won.


    A First *** Below What Galileo's Telescopes Most Likely Looked Like When They Were New

    Click on the telescope to inlarge it then click on the image again to in large it  to 2469x277 pixels

    Click on the hyperlink to see the original   IMSS INV #2428

    Click on the telescope to in large it then click on the image again to in large it  to 2558x147pixels pixels
    Click on the hyperlink to see the original  IMSS INV #2427

    Definitions from the American Heritage Dictionary

    • Science n.1.a. The observation, identification, description, experimental investigation, and theoretical explanation of phenomena. b. Such activities restricted to a class of natural phenomena. c. Such activities applied to an object of inquiry or study
    • Nature n. 1. The material world and its phenomena. 2. The forces and processes that produce and control all the phenomena of the material world: the laws of nature.
    • Truths n. 1. Conformity to fact or actuality. 2. A statement proven to be or accepted as true.( Freedom from deceit or distortion of fact)

    copy right 9/10/2004 Jim & Rhoda Morris

    All photos and written material are by Jim & Rhoda Morris unless noted otherwise. Free personal and educational use and reproduction is encouraged; all commercial rights are reserved

    ***The views expressed are those of the authors and not necessarily those of the people or organization that have sponsored or helped in the project.

    Jim & Rhoda Morris 

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